Neuroma is a term used to describe the enlargement or thickening of the tissue that surrounds the nerve. Morton's neuroma is entrapment & irritation of the interdigital nerve which passes between 3rd & 4th metatarsal bones. Hence it is also termed as intermetatarsal neuroma.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS:
- Pain on weight bearing - a shooting pain affecting the contiguous halves of two toes. Sometimes there may be a dull pain rather than a sharp one.
- Paresthesia - tingling, pricking, or numbness with no apparent long-term physical effect. Commonly known as pins-and-needles.
- A sensation that something is inside the ball of the foot
- High-heeled shoes - especially those over 2 inches (5cm), or a pointed or tight toe box which
- High-arched foot.
- Flat feet.
- A bunion.
- Hammer toe.
- Some high-impact sporting activities.
- Injuries - an injury or other type of trauma to the foot may lead to a neuroma.
- Resting the foot.
- Using an ice pack on the affected area.
- Changing footwear- wearing shoe according to foot size like wide shoes & or no heeled shoes.
- Orthotic correction (Arch support)- The arch support of the foot, removing pressure from the nerve. The doctor may recommend a custom-made, individually designed shoe-insert, molded to fit the contours of the patient's foot.
- Modifying activities - avoiding activities which put repetitive pressure on the neuroma until the condition improves.
- Body weight management - if the patient is obese the doctor may advise him/her to lose weight. A significant number of obese patients with foot problems, such as flat feet, who successfully lose weight experience considerable improvement of symptoms.